The molecule of water (H2O) is quite simple, while water as a liquid or steam is unique. The extraordinary and specific properties of water in these both states are explained by the ability of water molecules to form intermolecular associates not only through the orientation, induction and dispersion interactions (the Van der Waals forces) but also by hydrogen bonds. The energy of the latter (10-40 kJ/mol) much exceeds that of the Van der Waals forces (1-4 kJ/mol). Each molecule of water is able to make four hydrogen bonds: two in the capacity of a proton donor, and two in the capacity of a proton acceptor (see Fig. 1 c). Moreover, both the hydrogen bonds and the covalent bonds made by oxygen atoms are characterized by a certain mutual spatial orientation. Owing to the hydrogen bonds, water molecules can make not only random associates (i.e., those without an ordered structure) but also associates that have some structure, the so-called clusters. Both between associates and clusters and within them, there can be voids where individual water molecules not bonded by hydrogen bonds can "wander about." Those molecules are constantly change places with the H2O molecules which are members of associates and clusters. The average time a water molecule is in the bound state, i.e., involved in an associate or a cluster, is τav.=1x10-9 sec.
Fig. 1. The geometry (a) and structure of the water molecule (b); its ability to form four hydrogen bonds (c) and its state in liquid water (d).
According to statistical calculations, in the standard conditions, some 30% of all water molecules are in free state, 30% are involved in random associates with no ordered structure, and other 40% form clusters . The totality of separate water molecules and random associates (60%) is "unstructured" water, while that of clusters is called "structured" water [13, 14]. In the "structured" water, i.e., in clusters, the lifetime of H2O molecules is more than their average lifetime in the bound state (τ>τavr.), while for random associates in the "unstructured" water, this factor is less (τ<τavr.). Figure 1 gives an insight into the geometry and structure of the water molecule, into its ability to form four hydrogen bonds, and into the complexity of states of H2O molecules in a liquid medium.
Energetically, all possible states of water molecules in pure water are almost indistinguishable because the differences do not exceed neither the value of energy of the thermal (Brownian) molecular movement nor the value of energy of intermolecular formations. This is indirectly evidenced by the high dynamism of H2O molecules in liquid water (τcp=10-9 sec.). For characterizing the "unstructured" water where molecules and associates move and interact disorderly, the entropy factor is most important, while for the "structured" water, the information factor is because there is a certain organization in the structure of clusters as well as in movements and water-molecule exchanges they do. The term "information" is considered here as a measure of organization of movement (interaction and migration) of particles within a system . So, in our opinion, owing to clusters, both the liquid and the vaporous water, as well as systems based on them, exhibit a structure-information property [13, 14].
The structure-information property of water is the ability of water molecules to build clusters, whose structure is a code that contains information about interactions occurring (or having occurred) with a given water specimen.
This previously unknown property of water and water systems was found to be objectively existing and affectable by the following factors:
In the authors' opinion, all of the above factors can have an action on water by changing the structure of clusters in such a way as to code information about the action itself. In doing this, the characteristics of the structure-information property of water undergo changes. The geometrical and information parameters and the state functions which describe the structure and properties of water clusters can be used as characteristics of the structure-information property of water. It is precisely owing to the ability to easily change its structure-information potential that water is a highly sensitive and universal sensor existing in both animate [2, 6] and inanimate nature.
Besides changes of the cluster structure, clusters and associates in liquid and vaporous water constantly break down due to the thermal motion, and new clusters and associates are formed, both the processes running with different rates. The notion of ordinary water can be stated as follows: water is an open, dynamic, and structurally complex system where the stationary state can be easily broken by an external impact which causes the system to pass into a transition state primarily characterized by the alteration of the structure-information property of water. After that, due to the self-organization ability, the system may either resume its initial state or pass into another stationary state.
Consequently, liquid and vaporous water is a system whose stationary state can be easily altered. A change of water's state is primarily related to a change in the water's structure-information index. This can result in alterations of other water properties, such as the spectral properties, the viscosity, the surface tension, the disposition to supercooling, the dissolving capacity, the chemical reactivity, as well as the biological and physiological functions. The structure-information property, naturally, is intrinsic in any material object. However, it is especially pronounced in water, because in water, the value of the index that characterizes this property is easily altered by any impact, which just makes this liquid a mystery.
At present, pure water as well as water in solutions is considered as a fractal medium, because it contains random associates and clusters having various structures and sizes . It is our belief that it is water in all its manifestations that makes a living organism and even the whole biosphere a hypercomplex fractal system whose each part can reflect the property of an entire system, while the properties of an organism or the biosphere can reflect the properties of each of their particles.
Consider the structure of clusters. Tetrahedrons are one of elementary cells of clusters, which involves four (in the simple tetrahedron) or five (in the volumetric-centered tetrahedron) H2O molecules bound by hydrogen bonds. Each water molecule involved in a simple tetrahedron retains its ability to form hydrogen bonds. By these bonds, the simple tetrahedrons can combine their vertices, edges and sides to form clusters with varying structures and with cavities. In our opinion, water clusters may be structurally similar to crystals of carbon, silicon, or their respective compounds, because the H2O molecule is able to form four hydrogen bonds, while those chemical elements are able to form a similar number of covalent bonds. That's why the structure of water clusters can be similar to that of diamond, graphite, fulleren, or various silicate anions. Thus, the crystalline lattice of ordinary ice (Ih), as well as of graphite, has a hexagonal structure, while the crystalline lattice of ice (Ic), as well as of diamond, has a cubic structure. In both the cases, the crystalline lattice is composed of tetrahedrons .
According to quantum-chemical calculations, the interaction between covalent and hydrogen bonds in water clusters may cause a proton (H+) to migrate between the oxygen atom and the hydrogen atoms through a forwarding mechanism, which results in the delocalization of the proton within a cluster. So, we can consider water clusters as polyprototopic systems. A proton delocalized within a cluster makes for the stabilization of the latter , so enlarging clusters can increase their stability-however, not to infinity, but to some critical dimension. According to the available data , such clusters may involve from 50 to 1000 water molecules, depending on the structure of a cluster. During their thermal motion, large clusters may break down to smaller ones. The latter presumably can serve as germs capable of spontaneously combining in larger structures to make a replica of the maternal cluster. Besides clusters which have critical dimensions, smaller clusters which have shorter lifetime are always found in the system. Both large and small clusters of the "structured" water constantly exchange water molecules with the "unstructured" water, and so they are called twinkling clusters .
In the authors' opinion, water can receive information that is generated by different external actions, coding this information by the structure of clusters that are forming at the moment the action is exerted, and thus changing the value of its structure-information index. Because clusters are constantly decomposing, ordinary water always contains an average statistical set of clusters of various structures-no particular structure prevailing. The "structured" water contains an increased number of clusters having a particular structure determined by the structuring impact.
For many thousands of years, Mankind has been busy with building various pyramidal constructions. However, science has as yet not provided any explanation for the experimentally established effects which pyramids produce on the environment, as well as on various animate and inanimate systems when placed inside or in the vicinity of a pyramidal construction. Based on numerous published facts, we can conclude that the shape of a form does certainly have an action on the structuring of spatial and energetic characteristics of objective material reality, including fields occurring inside and in the vicinity of the form-i.e., the shape is capable of carrying and correcting the information received by the system from the outside. Thus a conclusion suggests itself that pyramids are structurizers of the field characteristics that transmit information from one interacting system to another.ds produce on the environment, as well as on various animate and inanimate systems when placed inside or in the vicinity of a pyramidal construction. Based on numerous published facts, we can conclude that the shape of a form does certainly have an action on the structuring of spatial and energetic characteristics of objective material reality, including fields occurring inside and in the vicinity of the form-i.e., the shape is capable of carrying and correcting the information received by the system from the outside. Thus a conclusion suggests itself that pyramids are structurizers of the field characteristics that transmit information from one interacting system to another.
Based on these assumptions and taking into account the theory of matter structure and the processes of self-organization, the AIRES New Medical Technologies Foundation has developed and now produces fractal-matrix transparencies which present a geometrically synthesized hologram [9-11]. The principles of information structuring, calculation and development of such topologies is a know-how of the AIRES Foundation. At present, these new field structurizers, along with pyramidal ones, are being investigated experimentally on a systematic basis. The experiments are based on the fact that any material body has a wave structure formed due to the interaction that occurs between the wave structures of the body's atoms by the principle of fractality.teraction that occurs between the wave structures of the body's atoms by the principle of fractality.
In the authors' opinion, due to the dynamicity of its structure-information property, water is a highly sensitive sensor capable of responding to the structure of most fields, including the electromagnetic fields. This statement is confirmed by experiments where water exposed to the action of a pyramid or the AIRES fractal-matrix transparencies was found to change its infrared spectral characteristics.
By means of the hardware and software complex "Icarus"  capable of measuring 30 infrared characteristics within the range from 3500 to 930 sm-1 through 9 channels and for 30 seconds, we investigated into water specimens and obtained their low-resolution infrared spectrums by making a spline-interpolation of the experimental data. By doing multiple measurements of three parallel samples through each channel (thus making in all 3x30x9=810 measurements) and by carrying out a multidimensional analysis of these experimental data, we could determine whether the spectral characteristics of the investigated water specimens varied by transmission values. We attributed the dispersity of spectral data in the series of the investigated water specimens to alterations in the structure-information property of water caused by one field action or another.
The investigation was performed on water bidistillate. The following objects were investigated as electromagnetic field structurizers:
The experiments were conducted at a temperature of 20° C and a pressure of 748 mm of mercury. The duration of exposure was 24 hr.; after that, low-resolution infrared spectrums were taken from the water specimens and compared with those of the original water. The obtained infrared spectral data are shown in Fig. 2 below.
Fig. 2. Infrared spectral characteristics of water specimens taken through 9 channels.
As is seen from the above figure, the spectral characteristics of the water specimens that were acted upon by the field structurizers are different from those of the original water. Moreover, the pyramids and the AIRES fractal-matrix transparencies were found to be similar in making altarations in the spectral characteristics of water. A multidimensional statistical analysis of the experimental data brought out clearly that by the Student criterion, the obtained transmission values corresponded to confidence probability 0.95. It is to be pointed out that statistically, in all of the cases (I-V), the spectral characteristics of the investigated water specimens differed from those of the original water in all of the nine channels.
So, experimentally, it was established that the pyramids and the AIRES fractal-matrix transparencies exerted an action that altered the water's infrared spectral characteristics. The authors believe that because the variations were caused under conditions approaching to the standard ones, and because no reagent impact was allowed to happen, these variations are due to a change of the water structure-information property, caused by the action of an electromagnetic field which was structured by means of the pyramids or the AIRES fractal-matrix transparency.
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